SPOUSAL MAINTENANCE & DE FACTO PARTNER MAINTENANCE
Spouse maintenance is financial support paid by a party to a marriage to their former husband or wife in circumstances where they are unable to adequately support themselves.
De facto partner maintenance is financial support paid by a party to a de facto relationship that has broken down to their former de facto partner in circumstances where they are unable to adequately support themselves.
A party to marriage is liable to maintain (that is financially support) the other party to the extent that he or she is reasonably able to do so if, and only if, the other party is unable to support herself or himself adequately whether:
by reason of having the care and control of the child of the marriage who has not attained the age of 18 years;
by reason of age or physical or mental incapacity for appropriate gainful employment; or
for any other adequate reason,
having regard to any relevant matter referred to in Section 75(2) of the Family Law Act.
Initially the obligation is on the applicant to persuade the court that he or she is in need of spousal maintenance. Often orders made in relation to spousal maintenance are of limited duration, eg whilst the spouse retrains so as to obtain employment or whilst a child is very young.
Spousal maintenance can take a number of forms including the payment of a periodic sum or the transfer of property or chattels. These orders may be made at the same time that orders are made for property settlement, that is, orders for the adjustment of the parties' property and assets between themselves. It is necessary in that event to specify what if any part of any payment of a lump sum, or transfer or settlement of property relates to spousal maintenance and the value that is attributable to the provision of maintenance.
Spousal maintenance orders continue until parties remarry (except in special circumstances) or upon the death of the person entitled to receive the maintenance or the death of the person required to make the payments. If somebody is receiving spousal maintenance, that person is obliged under the Family Law Act to inform the payer without delay of his or her remarriage. If monies have been paid after remarriage, then they may be recovered through the Family Court.
The above information is an extract from the AussieLegal Family Law Kit which includes detailed information and case studies on the Family Law Rules, Divorce, Child Residence & Child Access, Property Settlements, Child Support and Spousal Maintenance. The Family Law Kit also includes a Property Settlement Calculator which can help you estimate what your fair share of the matrimonial assets you are entitled to in the event of separation.
The Kit will be an invaluable guide you if you choose to act for yourself when making an application to the Family Court. Alternatively, if you choose to have a lawyer acting for you, the Family Law Kit will help you better understand what your lawyer is doing, help you ask the right questions and help you make informed decisions.
Click on the link above to read more about the Kit.