Spousal maintenance issues only apply to people who are or were married. A "spouse" is a husband or wife and does not include de-facto partners. Spousal maintenance is the payment of maintenance to a husband or wife by a wife or husband. The relevant law is contained in the Family Law Act 1975. It sets out when one spouse must pay maintenance to the other spouse.
A party to marriage is liable to maintain (that is financially support) the other party to the extent that he or she is reasonably able to do so if, and only if, the other party is unable to support herself or himself adequately whether:
having regard to any relevant matter referred to in Section 75(2) of the Family Law Act.
Initially the obligation is on the applicant to persuade the court that he or she is in need of spousal maintenance. Often orders made in relation to spousal maintenance are of limited duration, eg whilst the spouse retrains so as to obtain employment or whilst a child is very young.
Spousal maintenance can take a number of forms including the payment of a periodic sum or the transfer of property or chattels. These orders may be made at the same time that orders are made for property settlement, that is, orders for the adjustment of the parties' property and assets between themselves. It is necessary in that event to specify what if any part of any payment of a lump sum, or transfer or settlement of property relates to spousal maintenance and the value that is attributable to the provision of maintenance.
Spousal maintenance orders continue until parties remarry (except in special circumstances) or upon the death of the person entitled to receive the maintenance or the death of the person required to make the payments. If somebody is receiving spousal maintenance, that person is obliged under the Family Law Act to inform the payer without delay of his or her remarriage. If monies have been paid after remarriage, then they may be recovered through the Family Court.
If you would like more information on this legal topic, or you wish to obtain formal advice regarding your situation, contact Ward Keller Lawyers. They are located at Level 7 Northern Territory House, 22 Mitchell Street Darwin NT 0800 or call them on (08) 8981 2971.
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